quinta-feira, 7 de outubro de 2010

TURKS: The Turks formed one of the most extensive empires in all history

The origin of Turkish civilization dates back to the decay process of the domination of the Huns in Central Asia. Previously known as “Gokturks”, this people has been consolidated thanks to the strategic location of their territories, controlled by thriving trade routes. However, the decline of this civilization propitiated the invasion of the Mongols and Arabs to this portion of the Asian territory.
In this process, we see the rise of the Seljuks, an Islamic tribe that was able to determine the expansion of the Muslim faith in Asia Minor. At the height of its formation, the Turkish-Ottoman Empire encompassed large parts of Anatolia, the Caucasus, Eastern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and the Balkans. Between the 16th and 17th centuries they composed one of the most powerful states in the Modern World.
In the 19th century, the Turkish-Ottomans did not experience the same times of prosperity and hegemony. During the First World War (1914-1918), they fought alongside the Germans and ended up losing their fields after being defeated and forced to agree with the stipulated terms by the Treaty of Sevres. The intention was to perform the dismemberment of Turkish-Ottoman territories in favor of the domination of the Allies.
However, under the leadership of General Mustafa Kemal, the Turks put an end to the hegemonic interests of foreigners in the conflict that became known as the Turkish War of Independence. From this moment, the Turks experienced a clear process of westernization of its political institutions by imposing the end of the Sultanate and the local power of their caliphs.
From the second half of the 20th century onward, the Turkish nation has experienced a noticeable process of westernization of its culture. Meanwhile, economic crises and political coups printed the ebbs and flows of this modernizing trend. Currently, one of the most important goals of the Turkish government is to enable the country’s economic integration with the European Union.

Um comentário: